Every so often one of our China lawyers will get an email from someone who essentially challenges us to tell them why they should hire us. Our response is to patiently explain why they are wrong to think that they do not need a lawyer and to not so patiently tell them that it would probably not be a good idea for us to represent them. We do this because we long ago learned that taking on a bad client is never a good idea and that trying to convince someone to hire you who believes that do not need to do so never works out.
I got such an email the other day from an American company that seemed downright angry that one of our clients “had insisted” that they contact us:
________ at ________ [our client company] insisted that I contact you about our China manufacturing plans even though I have been doing business with China for more than twenty years. ______ tells me that you believe that contracts with China manufacturers can be worthwhile but I know that it is the government there that determines everything. I want to stop my Chinese manufacturers from copying my products and selling them to my competitors. I doubt any contract can do this for me but can you lay out for me exactly how your company can help me, how long it will take and what you will charge. They just signed the attached NDA but ________ keeps telling me that I should have you modify it. If you are going to do that, I will need it back by the end of the week. I also am enclosing a manufacturing agreement my lawyer drafted for me and I would appreciate your point of view as to how realistic it is. We made it very favorable for my company. It is approximately 10,000 words and so I also need to know what you will charge to revise it. I need this back by the end of the week as well.
Here was my response:
I hesitate to spend time on this because I do not think that you will retain us both because you have come to us too late for us to fix your NDA (which, quite frankly, does not achieve what you want it to achieve) and because you are neither going to believe nor like what I have to say. So I instead urge you to read How To Stop Your Chinese Supplier From Becoming Your Competitor and China Contracts. Why Even Bother? and all of the links contained in these.
What you have done so far is unlikely to help you in dealing with Chinese manufacturers. It just does not sound like you have received good advice so far and I have to wonder whether that is because you have been hiring the wrong China attorneys (or no attorneys at all) or if it is because you are not interested in changing how you do business with China.
An American NDA with jurisdiction in Chicago is not likely to have any impact on a Chinese company. What you need is not really a China NDA at all, but an NNN (Non-Disclosure, Non-Use, Non-Circumvention) Agreement that protects you before you have actually chosen a particular manufacturer for your product. This sort of agreement can go a long way towards preventing potential or future manufacturers from stealing your design.
The ability to sue in Chicago is not likely to give you any power over a Chinese manufacturer. The bottom line is that Chinese manufacturers do not fear foreign litigation as much as they fear being hauled into a Chinese court and hit with liquidated damages (or even worse, a pre-judgment seizure of their assets). The goal with our NNN agreements (and of all our China contracts) is to prevent the Chinese company from doing what you don’t want them to do, not so much to beat them if you end up having to sue.
There is no point in our using your existing NDA as a template because it would take us more time to do that than for us to use our own template and then modify that to suit your current needs. More importantly, non-disclosure isn’t really the risk you face; it’s non compete that really matters and your NDA is completely silent on that. Your biggest risk isn’t your Chinese manufacturer disclosing your product to someone else; your biggest risk is your Chinese manufacturer making your product.
I spent five minutes reviewing your manufacturing agreement and that was enough time for me to determine that too also isn’t close to what you need for China. Honestly, it isn’t close for what you would need in the United States either. It does not mention any penalties for bad quality nor does it set forth any sort of timeline. These two things are the most basic provisions one expects to see in such an agreement. It reads as though a non-lawyer cobbled it together from various contracts on the internet. You probably would be better off with no contract at all.
And there is no way that we can promise you anything by the end of the week because we do not even have a good idea yet of exactly what it is you really need. You are going to need to determine whether you are prepared to spend money to do things right in China contractually or just continue muddling through. You know what I would recommend, but of course it is entirely up to you.
I never heard from him again.