A while back we brought on a fully qualified Chinese attorney as a paralegal in our law firm. This person was working on obtaining her paralegal certificate at a local university. I asked her why she was pursuing a paralegal certificate, rather than going for an LLM degree (an advanced law degree), as is commonly done by China licensed lawyers in the United States. Her response was that she knew many Chinese lawyers who had obtained an LLM degree in the United States and not a single one of them had been offered a lawyer job in the United States. I told her that I too was not aware of any foreign lawyer who had obtained a US lawyer job.
I then went on to tell her that our firm does not hire LLM graduates for three reasons. The first is that we have no idea how qualified they are for practicing law in the United States because the LLM programs vary so much in what they teach. The second is that we have no idea how qualified they are for practicing law in the United States because it seems that just about everyone graduates from US LLM programs with a 3.8 G.P.A or higher, leading us to believe that LLM grading is neither rigorous nor meaningful. Third, and oftentimes most importantly, most US states (at least as far as we know) do not allow LLM graduates to sit for their bar exam.
Which is why our lawyer hires have US (or US equivalent) J.D. degrees.
And this is NOT to criticize LLM degrees. Rather, it is to highlight how much they have changed in the last twenty years, without really having changed at all. Twenty years ago, foreign lawyers came to US law schools for LLM degrees and then they returned to their home countries. Their reason for securing a US LLM degree was to improve their English language skills, increase their understanding of American culture, and make connections with American lawyers and potential clients. All of these reasons made (and still make) complete sense and for that reason, a number of the top international lawyers in Asian countries like China, Vietnam, and Korea, have US LLM degrees.
But maybe around ten years ago, there was a large influx of China attorneys seeking US LLMs with the idea of securing jobs in the United States. US law schools — who make small fortunes off each foreign LLM — generally do nothing to dissuade these students from coming. And so they keep coming with the hope of American lawyer jobs that seem pretty unattainable. What then happens to these LLM graduates from China? It is my understanding that many (Most?) return to China and some get non-legal jobs.
What are you seeing out there and what do you think?